0193 - In the Balkans, the distinguished soldier Septimius Seversus was proclaimed emperor by the army in Illyricum.
0715 - Constantine ended his reign as Catholic Pope.
1241 - In the Battle of Liegnitz, Mongol armies defeated the Poles and the Germans.
1454 - The city states of Venice, Milan and Florence signed a peace agreement at Lodi, Italy.
1667 - In Paris, The first public art exhibition was held at the Palais-Royale.
1682 - Robert La Salle claimed the lower Mississippi River and all lands that touch it for France.
1770 - Captain James Cook discovered Botany Bay on the Australian continent.
1833 - Peterborough, NH, opened the first municipally supported public library in the United States.
1838 - The National Galley opened in London.
1865 - At Appomattox Court House, Virginia, General Robert E. Lee surrendered his Confederate Army to Union General Ulysses S. Grant in the parlor of Wilmer McClean’s home. Grant allowed Rebel officers to keep their sidearms and permitted soldiers to keep their horses and mules. Though there were still Confederate armies in the field, the war was officially over. The four years of fighting had killed 360,000 Union troops and 260,000 Confederate troops.
1866 - The Civil Rights Bill passed over U.S. President Andrew Johnson’s veto.
1867 - The U.S. Senate ratified the treaty with Russia that purchased the territory of Alaska by one vote.
1869 - The Hudson Bay Company ceded its territory to Canada.
1870 - The American Anti-Slavery Society was dissolved.
1872 - S.R. Percy received a patent for dried milk.
1900 - British forces routed the Boers at Kroonstadt, South Africa.
1905 - The first aerial ferry bridge went into operation in Duluth, MN.
1912 - The first exhibition baseball game was held at Fenway Park in Boston. The game was between Red Sox and Harvard.
1913 - The Brooklyn Dodgers’ Ebbets Field opened.
1914 - In London, the first full-color film, “The World, The Flesh & the Devil,” was shown.
1916 - The German army launched it’s third offensive during the Battle of Verdun.