1314 - Scottish forces led by Robert the Bruce won over Edward II of England at the Battle of Bannockburn in Scotland.
1340 - The English fleet defeated the French fleet at Sluys, off the Flemish coast.
1497 - Italian explorer John Cabot, sailing in the service of England, landed in North America on what is now Newfoundland.
1509 - Henry VIII was crowned King of England.
1664 - New Jersey, named after the Isle of Jersey, was founded.
1675 - King Philip’s War began when Indians massacre colonists at Swansee, Plymouth colony.
1717 - The Freemasons were founded in London.
1793 - The first republican constitution in France was adopted.
1812 - Napoleon crossed the Nieman River and invaded Russia.
1844 - Charles Goodyear was granted U.S. patent #3,633 for vulcanized rubber.
1859 - At the Battle of Solferino, also known as the Battle of the Three Sovereigns, the French army led by Napoleon III defeated the Austrian army under Franz Joseph I in northern Italy.
1861 - Federal gunboats attacked Confederate batteries at Mathias Point, Virginia.
1862 - U.S. intervention saved the British and French at the Dagu forts in China.
1869 - Mary Ellen “Mammy” Pleasant officially became the Vodoo Queen in San Francisco, CA.
1896 - Booker T. Washington became the first African American to receive an honorary MA degree from Howard University.
1910 - The Japanese army invaded Korea.
1913 - Greece and Serbia annulled their alliance with Bulgaria following border disputes over Macedonia and Thrace.
1922 - The American Professional Football Association took the name of The National Football League.
1931 - The Soviet Union and Afghanistan signed a treaty of neutrality.
1940 - France signed an armistice with Italy.
1940 - TV cameras were used for the first time in a political convention as the Republicans convened in Philadelphia, PA.
1941 - U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt pledged all possible support to the Soviet Union.
1947 - Kenneth Arnold reported seeing flying saucers over Mt. Rainier, Washington.
1948 - The Soviet Union began the Berlin Blockade.
1953 - John F. Kennedy and Jacqueline Bouvier announced their engagement.