1918 - An all-Russian Congress of Soviets ratified a peace treaty with the Central Powers.
1923 - President Harding became the first U.S. President to file an income tax report.
1932 - George Eastman, the founder of the Kodak company, committed suicide.
1936 - Adolf Hitler told a crowd of 300,000 that Germany's only judge is God and itself.
1939 - Hungary occupied the Carpatho-Ukraine. Slovakia declared its independence.
1943 - U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt became the first U.S. President to fly in an airplane while in office.
1945 - In Germany, a 22,000 pound "Grand Slam" bomb was dropped by the Royal Air Force Dumbuster Squad on the Beilefeld railway viaduct. It was the heaviest bomb used during World War II.
1947 - The U.S. signed a 99-year lease on naval bases in the Philippines.
1947 - Moscow announced that 890,532 German POWs were held in the U.S.S.R.
1951 - U.N. forces recaptured Seoul for the second time during the Korean War.
1954 - The Viet Minh launched an assault on Dien Bien Phu in Saigon.
1958 - The U.S. government suspended arms shipments to the Batista government of Cuba.
1964 - A Dallas jury found Jack Ruby guilty of the murder of Lee Harvey Oswald.
1967 - John F. Kennedy's body was moved from a temporary grave to a permanent one.
1976 - Egypt formally abrogated the 1971 Treaty Friendship and Cooperation with the Soviet Union.
1978 - An Israeli force of 22,000 invaded south Lebanon. The PLO bases were hit.
1979 - The Census Bureau reported that 95% of all Americans were married or would get married.
1979 - Near Peking, China, at least 200 people died when a Trident aircraft crashed into a factory.
1980 - A Polish airliner crashed while making an emergency landing near Warsaw. 87 people were killed. A 14-man U.S. boxing team was aboard the plane.
1981 - Three Pakistani airline hijackers surrendered in Syria after they had exchanged 100 passengers and crewmen for 54 Pakistani prisoners.